Vulnerability

A coordinated model of bus bridging and passenger flow management and control in response to urban metro failure

Shuttle buses are generally sent to evacuate stranded passengers during urban metro disruptions. However, when a large number of passengers are transported to the turnaround stations by shuttle buses, it is likely to cause the passengers to wait for …

Vulnerability analysis of urban rail transit networks

The urban rail transit network is an important part of an urban public transportation system. First, we generated the network models of the urban rail networks of Beijing and Shenzhen. We used the subway smart card data to estimate the passenger …